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Lego to ditch virgin fossil plastics by 2030

Lego has vowed to eliminate virgin fossil-based plastics from its products within a decade, by investing heavily in recycled and bio-based materials.

The Danish toymaker’s chief executive Niels B. Christiansen announced the new goal on Friday (7 February), telling journalists that Lego is “testing lots of different materials” to replace virgin fossil-based plastic.

Some plastic products could be replaced by sustainably sourced wood, but Lego believes the majority of the material gap left by the virgin, fossil plastics phase-out could be met with recycled materials or bioplastics.

Lego first moved to incorporate sugarcane-based bioplastic into its products in 2018, when it began selling botanical-themed pieces made from responsibly sourced bio-polyethene. The launch received much media attention and the range has received positive feedback from consumers so far – but as of 2019, only 1-2% of Lego’s total plastics product output was bio-based.

In order to scale up the bio-plastic and recycled plastic supply chain, Lego’s Christiansen has vowed to make a multi-million-pound investment.

“I think we will see gradual progress, and then some big leaps,” he told Dutch newspaper Borsen.

“This is not an easy task, and we have only come some of the way.” 

Christiansen also vowed that Lego’s new products will be just as durable and colourful as the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene-based toys which currently account for more than 90% of its product portfolio.

The building blocks of change

Lego first announced an aim to use entirely ‘sustainable’ materials in its products in 2017, but did not, at the time, set a deadline.

Since then, it has not only upped investment in alternative materials, but in product reuse too. In October 2019, Lego forged a partnership with recycling charity Give Back Box to enable consumers to donate old bricks to be redistributed to children's non-profits in the US. It has also included more prominent messaging around Lego re-use in its advertising campaigns, encouraging consumers to pass them on to friends, family or charity.

Lego’s Group’s director of zero impact Andrew McMullen recently attended an edie roundtable on responsible retail, where he suggested that the company would not be averse to changing its business model substantially in the name of the environment in the longer-term.

“The ability to rethink the way you fundamentally create value for your customers and shareholder will reap great opportunity,” McMullen said.

“The purpose of Lego is to get kids to play and be creative. If the brick is the best way to do that, great. If a new medium would be better, then we will change.”


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